November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1901 - Sully Prudhomme
Born: 16 March 1839, Paris, France
Died: 7 September 1907, Châtenay, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Prize motivation: “in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect”
Language: French
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1901 - Sully Prudhomme

Born: 16 March 1839, Paris, France

Died: 7 September 1907, Châtenay, France

Residence at the time of the award: France

Prize motivation: “in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect”

Language: French

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1902 - Theodor Mommsen
Born: 30 November 1817, Garding, Schleswig (now Germany)
Died: 1 November 1903, Charlottenburg, Germany
Residence at the time of the award: Germany
Prize motivation: “the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A history of Rome”
Language: German
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1902 - Theodor Mommsen

Born: 30 November 1817, Garding, Schleswig (now Germany)

Died: 1 November 1903, Charlottenburg, Germany

Residence at the time of the award: Germany

Prize motivation: “the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A history of Rome

Language: German

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1903 - Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson
Born: 8 December 1832, Kvikne, Norway
Died: 26 April 1910, Paris, France
Residence at the time of the award: Norway
Prize motivation: “as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit”
Language: Norwegian
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1903 - Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson

Born: 8 December 1832, Kvikne, Norway

Died: 26 April 1910, Paris, France

Residence at the time of the award: Norway

Prize motivation: “as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit”

Language: Norwegian

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1904 - José Echegaray (ex-aequo with Frédéric Mistral)
Born: 19 April 1832, Madrid, Spain
Died: 4 September 1916, Madrid, Spain
Residence at the time of the award: Spain
Prize motivation: “in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama”
Language: Spanish
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1904 - José Echegaray (ex-aequo with Frédéric Mistral)

Born: 19 April 1832, Madrid, Spain

Died: 4 September 1916, Madrid, Spain

Residence at the time of the award: Spain

Prize motivation: “in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama”

Language: Spanish

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1904 - Frédéric Mistral (ex-aequo with José Echegaray)
Born: 8 September 1830, Maillane, France
Died: 25 March 1914, Maillane, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Prize motivation: “in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist”
Language: Occitan
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1904 - Frédéric Mistral (ex-aequo with José Echegaray)

Born: 8 September 1830, Maillane, France

Died: 25 March 1914, Maillane, France

Residence at the time of the award: France

Prize motivation: “in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist”

Language: Occitan

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1905 - Henrik Sienkiewicz
Born: 5 May 1846, Wola Okrzejska, Poland
Died: 15 November 1916, Vevey, Switzerland
Residence at the time of the award: Poland
Prize motivation: “because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer”
Language: Polish
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1905 - Henrik Sienkiewicz

Born: 5 May 1846, Wola Okrzejska, Poland

Died: 15 November 1916, Vevey, Switzerland

Residence at the time of the award: Poland

Prize motivation: “because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer”

Language: Polish

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1906 - Giosué Carducci
Born: 27 July 1835, Val di Castello, Tuscany (now Italy)
Died: 16 February 1907, Bologna, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: Italy
Prize motivation: “not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces”
Language: Italian
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1906 - Giosué Carducci

Born: 27 July 1835, Val di Castello, Tuscany (now Italy)

Died: 16 February 1907, Bologna, Italy

Residence at the time of the award: Italy

Prize motivation: “not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces”

Language: Italian

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1907 - Rudyard Kipling
Born: 30 December 1865, Bombay, British India
Died: 18 January 1936, London, United Kingdom
Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom
Prize motivation: “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author”
Language: English
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1907 - Rudyard Kipling

Born: 30 December 1865, Bombay, British India

Died: 18 January 1936, London, United Kingdom

Residence at the time of the award: United Kingdom

Prize motivation: “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author”

Language: English

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1908 - Rudolf Eucken
Born: 5 January 1846, Aurich, East Friesland (now Germany)
Died: 14 September 1926, Jena, Germany
Residence at the time of the award: Germany
Prize motivation: “in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life”
Language: German
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1908 - Rudolf Eucken

Born: 5 January 1846, Aurich, East Friesland (now Germany)

Died: 14 September 1926, Jena, Germany

Residence at the time of the award: Germany

Prize motivation: “in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life”

Language: German

Bibliography

November 26, 2010
Nobel Prizes in Literature
1909 - Selma Lagerlöf
Born: 20 November 1858, Mårbacka, Sweden
Died: 16 March 1940, Mårbacka, Sweden
Residence at the time of the award: Sweden
Prize motivation: “in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings”
Language: Swedish
Bibliography

Nobel Prizes in Literature

1909 - Selma Lagerlöf

Born: 20 November 1858, Mårbacka, Sweden

Died: 16 March 1940, Mårbacka, Sweden

Residence at the time of the award: Sweden

Prize motivation: “in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings”

Language: Swedish

Bibliography