Giovanni Santi, father of the artist Raphael, died on this day in 1494 in Urbino. He was in his late 50s. In addition to training his more famous son, Santi had a successful career as court painter and poet at the Court of Urbino. Born to a wealthy merchant family in the small town of Colbordolo, Santi pursued an artistic career and joined the lively art scene at the court of Duke Federico da Montefeltro in the 1470s. Santi’s work shows the influence of both Netherlandish and central Italian painting that he came to know while working at court. He likely came into contact there with Pietro Perugino, with whom his son Raphael would apprentice at the turn of the century. He also met Piero della Francesca and perhaps hosted him during his stay in Urbino, and came to know the various non-Italian painters like Joos van Ghent and Pedro Berruguete who were also in the duke’s employ.
Santi’s most famous work is an epic poem that chronicles the life and times of Federico and his court. It includes a discourse on painting that lists those fifteenth-century artists he believed to be the most important.
Virgin and Child, 1480s, Egg tempera and oil on panel, National Gallery, London
Man of Sorrows, c. 1490, Oil on canvas transferred from panel, Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
Reference: Eunice D. Howe. “Santi, Giovanni.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T075875>.
Christ as the Man of Sorrows, oil on panel, private collection
Either Way LA collaboration with artist Dane Johnson’s painted clothing. Photographed by JUCO.
From Inside the Core
Rich and Poor
1. USA. San Francisco, California. 1977. “My life is personal, but I will tell you one thing I’m too fat.”
2. USA. San Francisco. 1977. “Now I see a way out to a decent future. I’m tired of this shit, drugs and pimping and all that stuff. Maybe now I have the courage to do something - anything. I don’t know, we will see. Jim, Thanks. (P.S) I love you.”
3. USA. San Francisco. 1978. “To me life seems so messed up but little by little I am trying to over come that. Because it is hard being a woman and to accept me as I am.”
4. USA. San Francisco. 1977. “I love the picture. I am a homosexual. May be if I send one of the pictures you gave me, Jim, to my nephew he will understand how hard his uncle is struggling.”
5. USA. San Francisco. 1984. “It’s kind of stinky living in this hotel. I don’t have nothing only $10. I keep waiting for someone to come in my door and give me money but nobody ever will.”
6. USA. San Francisco, California. 1983. “My face shows the intensity of a pained woman. I’ve been mugged and beaten. I didn’t ask for this mess. This makes me look like a bum - I am not. I am fantastic Dorothy, a popular personality. The nicest person in the hotel.”
7. USA. San Francisco, California. 1979. “My name is Judy and I am 11 years old.
I like the picture. My mom looks like she angry. I don’t like the way I look because I look pregnat. My favorite thing is to play with boys.”
8. USA. San Francisco. 1983. “We look like ordinary people! We have a terrible life.”